It is definitely confirmed that for a long time mankind has known the ways of obtaining and using psychotropic substances. Harm from their regular use has always been obvious, but only in the 20th century drug addiction was officially recognized as a disease. The magnitude of the spread of the problem has made it necessary for society to look for effective ways of treating drug addiction.

Today, drug addiction is seen as a severe psychosomatic disease of chronic form. Beginning as a fun adventure or a way of relaxing, a fatal passion captures a person completely – the metabolism changes, an irresistible psychological craving for a repetition of a sense of euphoria appears. Under the influence of the dope, the body wears out quickly, the personality degrades, social bonds are destroyed. Close people too are dragged into a terrible pool, unsuccessfully trying to convince the addict to stop. Unfortunately, effective drug treatment is impossible without the patient’s desire to be healed. But the main difficulty lies precisely in the fact that the addict often does not want to change his way of life and stubbornly resists all attempts at compulsory salvation. Know more from now.

Experience shows that it is practically impossible to cope with the problem without the help of specialists. Physicians, psychologists, and sociologists are trying to jointly develop principles for the treatment of drug addiction, which would allow to relieve dependence or to provide long-term stable remission.

Conservative methods

One of the first methods is substitution therapy. In the 19th century, doctors tried to treat morphia addiction to opium, and tried to smooth the addiction to morphine by taking small doses of cocaine. Later, these methods were recognized as failures, but some medical practices are still used today.

Most specialized medical institutions offer conservative ways of treating addiction. They sometimes use methadone replacement therapy, which helps to gradually give up heavy drugs. At the same time, a drug course aimed at the withdrawal of the withdrawal syndrome, detoxification, the maximum possible recovery of the affected organs is carried out. Such treatment gives a rather fast, but, alas, unstable result.

Innovative methods

In advanced clinics and rehabilitation centers apply complex methods of treatment of drug addiction, suggesting the combination of drug therapy and various techniques of psychological impact.

Coding is carried out using deep hypnosis, during which the doctor sets the patient at a subconscious level of the associative relationship between the reception of a dying man and negative feelings (fear, disgust). Unwillingness to relive unpleasant emotions is designed to keep the patient from temptation to use the drug.

Individual sessions with a psychotherapist help to find the root causes of the problem. The specialist tries to make the patient realize the dependence and the seriousness of its consequences for the person and his relatives.

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