Archive for June 2018

It is definitely confirmed that for a long time mankind has known the ways of obtaining and using psychotropic substances. Harm from their regular use has always been obvious, but only in the 20th century drug addiction was officially recognized as a disease. The magnitude of the spread of the problem has made it necessary for society to look for effective ways of treating drug addiction.

Today, drug addiction is seen as a severe psychosomatic disease of chronic form. Beginning as a fun adventure or a way of relaxing, a fatal passion captures a person completely – the metabolism changes, an irresistible psychological craving for a repetition of a sense of euphoria appears. Under the influence of the dope, the body wears out quickly, the personality degrades, social bonds are destroyed. Close people too are dragged into a terrible pool, unsuccessfully trying to convince the addict to stop. Unfortunately, effective drug treatment is impossible without the patient’s desire to be healed. But the main difficulty lies precisely in the fact that the addict often does not want to change his way of life and stubbornly resists all attempts at compulsory salvation. Know more from now.

Experience shows that it is practically impossible to cope with the problem without the help of specialists. Physicians, psychologists, and sociologists are trying to jointly develop principles for the treatment of drug addiction, which would allow to relieve dependence or to provide long-term stable remission.

Conservative methods

One of the first methods is substitution therapy. In the 19th century, doctors tried to treat morphia addiction to opium, and tried to smooth the addiction to morphine by taking small doses of cocaine. Later, these methods were recognized as failures, but some medical practices are still used today.

Most specialized medical institutions offer conservative ways of treating addiction. They sometimes use methadone replacement therapy, which helps to gradually give up heavy drugs. At the same time, a drug course aimed at the withdrawal of the withdrawal syndrome, detoxification, the maximum possible recovery of the affected organs is carried out. Such treatment gives a rather fast, but, alas, unstable result.

Innovative methods

In advanced clinics and rehabilitation centers apply complex methods of treatment of drug addiction, suggesting the combination of drug therapy and various techniques of psychological impact.

Coding is carried out using deep hypnosis, during which the doctor sets the patient at a subconscious level of the associative relationship between the reception of a dying man and negative feelings (fear, disgust). Unwillingness to relive unpleasant emotions is designed to keep the patient from temptation to use the drug.

Individual sessions with a psychotherapist help to find the root causes of the problem. The specialist tries to make the patient realize the dependence and the seriousness of its consequences for the person and his relatives.

There are many types of insulin drugs that treat diabetes. They are categorized based on how fast they act and how long they persist and the timing of dosage. One such a kind of insulin is Intermediate insulin also referred as NPH (Neutral Protamine Hagedorn) or Isophane. They help to regulate blood sugar levels and are extensively used to cure type 2 diabetes patients. The period of treatment varies from person to person as it depends on an individual life style and food habits. The action of insulin drugs also varies from day to day. Intermediate acting insulin cover the requirements of basal insulin and are made to secrete between meals and overnight. This type of insulin comes in conjunction with fast-acting insulin for achieving better blood sugar level control. The proper proportion of mixing NPH insulin with fast-acting insulin is to obtain a solution that is clear before getting cloudy. Hence the mnemonic to be remembered is “clear before cloudy”. Since NPH insulin is found to have greater risk of hypoglycemia particularly in the night time (deficiency of glucose in the blood stream), it is always used in conjunction with fast-acting insulin.

Intermediate acting insulin has its onset effect within one hour of injecting and its peak action lasts from 4 to 8 hours. The effect of this type of insulin can be noticed up to 24 hours and hence it is given once or twice a day before breakfast or before bed. Smaller doses of drugs will have earlier peak effect and persist for short time, while higher doses takes more time to reach its peak effect and persist for longer time.

NPH Insulin Drugs Names

Some of the names of insulin drugs available in practice are Humulin N, Novolin N, Novolin NPH, Gensulin N, SciLin N and Insulatard. Most of the insulin drugs are obtained from yeast or bacteria. Dosage is always expressed in USP units and is to be administrated using the calibrated syringes. Insulin is injection by the method of subcutaneous injection which means injecting under the skin. NPH drugs when used in conjunction with other insulin, should me mixed immediately before insertion. The vial containing the drug must be carefully watched so that it looks homogeneously opaque.

Humulin N

Humulin N is prepared to have slower onset of action than other insulin and has prolonged effect on the diabetic patient. It is used in the treatment of type2 diabetes. The onset effect of this drug can be found in 1-2 hours, peak effect can be felt in 6-12 hours, existing for duration of 18-24 hours.

Novolin N

Novolin N is intermediate-acting insulin that helps to regulate the blood sugar levels. It is used in adults and in children with chronic diabetes. This type of insulin starts its effect within 2-4 hours, peaks in 4-12 hours and prolongs for 12 -18 hours.

Genusulin N

Genusulin N, M10, M20, M30, M40, M50 are intermediate acting insulin. The physical and chemical property of this drug is, it has an appearance of white suspension and includes components like protamine sulfate, zinc oxide, m cresol and acidium hydrochlorium, glycerin, Sodium hydro phosphate. Genusulin N starts its action within 30 minutes of injection, peaks in 2-8 hours, prolongs for the duration of 24 hours. This profile is based on the quantity of dosage. The mode of injection is by subcutaneous injection method or in some exceptions by intramuscular injection method.

SciLin N

SciLin N is intermediate acting insulin that is used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Recombinant human insulin effectively regulates blood glucose level in type 2 diabetes. The main ingredient of this drug includes protamine zinc. This drug has shown significant improvement in patient’s health and large metabolic efficacy. SciLin N, SciLin R and SciLin M30 are in regular practice. Some of the side effects include insulin resistance, post-insulin lip dystrophy.


Insulatard is used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. This drug is available in the form of Pre-filled pens, penfill cartridges and vials. It is injected by subcutaneous injection method in the thigh, the abdominal wall. It starts to work within 1-2 hours and lasts for duration of 16-24 hours.

It is advisable to get medical help immediately if any sign of insulin allergy is found.

Dr. Narinder Grewal, MD in the recurring battle against the abuse of opioids, the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences has released a cost-free weekly education as well as assessment solution for Arkansas health-care service providers, Governor Asa Hutchinson announced at an interview Monday.


The AR-IMPACT (Arkansas Improving Multidisciplinary Discomfort Treatment Treatment) collaboration includes the UAMS, the Workplace of the State Medication Supervisor, the Arkansas Division of Health And Wellness, the Arkansas Division of Human Being Providers, the Arkansas State Medical Board, Blue Cross-Blue Guard, the Arkansas Medical Culture and also the Arkansas Academy of Household Physicians.


” This education and learning portal for medical professionals is an essential new tool in the battle versus this terrible epidemic that is eliminating thousands of Arkansans each year,” Gov Hutchinson claimed. “It is not the exaggeration to call this epidemic among our state’s greatest obstacles. Today we comprehend extra regarding opioid drugs than we did a decade earlier. With that innovative understanding, we have to make use of every tool feasible to pass along this information to medical professionals so that we can conserve lives and also save even more individuals the catastrophe of addiction.”


AR-IMPACT will offer regular workshops at midday on Wednesdays that include experts in the treatment of discomfort as well as a dependency, a physiotherapist, a psychotherapist, and also pharmacologists who are learned opioid-related concerns. After the presentation, physicians may join using a teleconference to talk about cases for personalized feedback about approaches to therapy.


The 16 experts in the opioid-epidemic crisis who signed up with the governor at journalism seminar at the state capitol consisted of UAMS Interim Chancellor Stephanie Gardner, who accepted a $104,000 check from Blue-Cross-Blue Guard.


” We are grateful to Arkansas Blue Cross and also Blue Guard for their partnership as we function to enhance pain administration in Arkansas through UAMS AR-IMPACT,” Chancellor Gardner said. “As the state’s only wellness scientific researches college, UAMS is distinctly positioned to address this concern head-on for the improvement of all Arkansans.”


Curtis Barnett, president and also CEO of Arkansas Blue Cross, presented the check.

An Advanced  Pain Management Professional:


” Arkansas Blue Cross identifies that the opioid epidemic intimidates the health and wellness of the people of Arkansas in several ways,” Head of state Barnett stated. “For those in chronic pain and for those treating them, there is no very easy service. We currently have been collaborating with health-care suppliers to help obtain a much better understanding of opioid prescribing patterns in Arkansas. Our company believes the brand-new AR-IMPACT education program with UAMS will assist medical professionals to discover resources and choices to managing pain. It will take everybody working together to impact this dilemma.”


Kirk Lane, Supervisor of the State Medication Workplace, stated the epidemic is a top priority.


” As medication supervisor, I have talked with numerous households that have been influenced, as well as it is clear that this situation respects no course, race or revenue borders,” Director Lane said. “It is evident that a collaborative approach is essential to alter the direction of this epidemic. We will make that distinction between education and learning and also the willingness to alter.”

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